Suggestion on Introduction to Poetry (Paper Code: 211105) 4 comments

poetry-suggestion

(Last updated on 13 January 2017)

Poetry Suggestion

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Honours 1st Year of National University (NU)-

Introduction to Poetry Suggestion (Paper Code:  211105)

Poetry Suggestion for Honours 1st Year

 

 

Useful Terms for a better understanding of poetry

Rhetoric:

Simile***, Metaphor***, Personification***, Symbol***, Irony, Alliteration, Hyperbole***, Paradox, Onomatopoeia***, Allusion***,  Conceit**,2015 Pun,  Imagery***, Elegy***,  Sonnet & its types***,  Lyric, Dramatic Monologue***,2015 Ode**, Oxymorn,2015 Ballad, Fable, Satire***, Tone**, Mood, Theme**, Metaphysical Poetry***, Poetic Diction, negative capability, Romanticism**,2015 Neo-classicism*, Romance, Subjectivity***, Objectivity***, Connotation***, Denotation***, Mysticism,

Prosody: All***

Verse, Accent, Rhythm, Foot, Meter, Pentametre,  Rhyme , Free Verse, Blank Verse, Stanza, Quatrain, Tercet , Couplet, Heroic Couplet, Scansion  of verse and others.

 

How to study poetry

  1. Make a chart or use a diagram as below to enlist the major themes and issues.
Poet William Shakespear
Biography 1564-1616 London Actor, playwright Sonnets, Tragedies, Romantic comedies
Poem Sonnet XVIII
Tone Reassuring, friendly, proud
Mood Love, relaxed, hopeful, somber
Themes Love Time Immortality Literature  
Issues

 

 

 

Love poem

Praising the beauty of the beloved.

Too short summer.

Everything is subject to time.

The Poem makes the beloved immortal Literature is not subject to the ravage of time.  

 

 

 

 

                   

 

  1. Talk about the title. What does it suggest to you?
  2. Read the poem aloud more than twice.
  3. Rephrase the poem in your own words. Write a prose version of it.
  4. Write a short note on the author’s tone and the reader’s mood.
  5. Write compositions about the major themes.

 

Themes commonly explored in the poems

  • Love, Sex, Death, , Oppression,  Politics, Fear, Childhood, Memory, Nostalgia, History, Nature***, Nature as beauty , Natural World, Time, Mysticism, Power of Poetry, Modern life, Immortality, Parenthood, Mortality, patriotism, Male-Female Relationship, Gender, Identity, Human Aspiration, Literature, Beauty of simplicity, Capitalism – effect on the individual, Change of power, Change versus tradition, Chaos and order, destruction, Circle of life, Coming of age, Convention and rebellion, Dangers of ignorance, Darkness and light, Desire to escape, Disillusionment and dreams, Evils of racism, Faith versus doubt, Good versus bad, Individual versus society, Injustice, Isolation, destructive force, Love and sacrifice, Man against nature, Nationalism,  Overcoming – fear, weakness, vice, Patriotism – positive side or complications, Power and corruption, Pride and downfall, Temporary nature of physical beauty, Temptation and destruction, Vanity as downfall, War – glory, necessity, pain, tragedy| Wisdom of experience, Working class struggles, Youth and beauty

 

 

Author’s Tone commonly explored in the poems

Preachy, proud, euphoric, neutral, serious, arrogant, impartial, hostile, sarcastic, accusatory , disrespectful, confused, melancholic, reassuring, humourous, friendly, Adoring, compassionate , apathetic, bitter, cynical, callous, critical, choleric, contemptuous , disdainful, didactic, derisive,  fanciful,  haughty, indignant, jovial, objective, optimistic  pessimistic, satiric, sincere, solemn, sanguineous ,  whimsical

 

Reader’s Mood commonly explored in the poems

Dark, mysterious, playful, sentimental, mysterious, solemn, vulnerable, hopeful, lonely, relaxed, restless, somber, melancholy, Feeling of fear, love, peace, chaos, serenity, joyous, depressed, Aggravated, Alone, Annoyed ,Anxious, Apathetic, Apologetic, Ashamed, Bewildered, Brooding, Cautious, Chaotic, Confused, Crushed, Curious, Cynical, Determined, Disappointed, Discontent, Energetic, Enthralled, Envious, Excited, Exhausted, Fearful, Frustrated, Grateful, Heartbroken, Hopeful, Impressed, Indifferent, Infuriated, Jubilant, Loved, Melancholy, Mischievous. Optimistic, Peaceful, Pessimistic, Pleased, Refreshed, Rejected, Relaxed, Relieved, Restless, Satisfied, Shocked, Stressed, Surprised, Sympathetic, Thankful, Tired, Touched, Uncomfortable, Weird

 

 

William Shakespeare: Sonnet XVIII***

  1. Evaluate Sonnet-XVIII as a Shakespearean sonnet.***2015
  2. How does Shakespeare immortalize his friend?*********
  3. Comment on the imagery of Sonnet XVIII.

(Summer’s lease, Eye of Heaven, Thy eternal summer etc.)

  1. Comment on the tone and mood of the poem.
  2. Discuss the theme of love in the light of Sonnet XVIII.**
  3. Write short compositions on the following themes in the light of Sonnet XVIII:

Love, Time, Mortality, Power of Literature.****

 

John Milton: On His Blindness**

  1. Write a short note on John Milton’s biography.
  2. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction of ‘On His Blindness’.

(Light, Maker, Patience)

  1. Evaluate the poem as an Italian sonnet.******
  2. What is the rhyme scheme of the poem?2015
  3. Comment on the tone and mood of the poem.
  4. Write short compositions on the following themes in the light of ‘On His Blindness’:**

Guilt and blame, Religion, Theme of dreams, Hopes, and Plans

 

John Donne: The Good-Morrow***

  1. What is metaphysical poetry? What are the features of a metaphysical poem?**
  2. Evaluate ‘The Good Morrow’ as a metaphysical poem.****
  3. Evaluate John Donne as a love poet with reference to “The Good Morrow”.2015
  4. What is conceit?
  5. What is allusion?
  6. What is Platonic love?
  7. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction of ‘The Good-Morrow’

(Good morrow, seven sleeper’s den, hemisphere, single entity)

  1. Write short compositions on the following themes explored in the poem:***

Love, Sex, and Community

 

Robert Herrick: To Daffodils***

  1. What is the message of the poem “To Daffodils”?2015
  2. How does Herrick compare human life with that of the daffodils?2015
  3. What is cavalier poetry? Characteristics of cavalier poetry?**

Evaluate ‘To Daffodils’ as a cavalier poetry?

  1. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction of ‘To Daffodils’:

(Haste away, pearls of morning dew, as short as a spring)

  1. What is symbol? What do the daffodils symbolize?****
  2. What is personification? Show an example of personification from the poem.
  3. Discuss the theme of transience of life in the light of ‘To Daffodils’. (or the theme of limited time of our life)*****

 

Thomas Gray: Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard***

  1. Whom does Gray compare the dead villagers with?2015
  2. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction :

(Parting day, beetle, ivy, hamlet, swallow, the boast of heraldry, the paths of glory, madding crowd, heath)

  1. What is an elegy? Evaluate ‘Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard’ as an elegy.
  2. Discuss the theme of simplicity of country life as per your reading of the poem.***
  3. Write a short note on the melancholic tone of poem.
  4. Write short compositions on the following themes explored in the poem:***

Death, Society and the class, Memory, and Isolation

 

William Wordsworth:  I wondered lonely as a cloud***

  1. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction :

(Daffodils, Clouds, sky, heavens, angels and spirits, the milk way)

  1. What is romanticism? Evaluate the poem as a romantic poem.***
  2. Discuss Wordsworth’s attitude towards nature.2015
  3. Identify an example of hyperbole in the poem.**
  4. What is simile?**
  5. What is personification?***2015
  6. What is pantheism?**
  7. Discuss the joyous mood of the poem?
  8. Write short compositions on the following themes explored in the poem:***

Happiness, Man and the natural world, spirituality, memory and the past

 

Percy Bisshe Shelley: Ode to the West Wind***

  1. Write a short note on Shelley’s biography.
  2. What is an ode? Evaluate the poem as an ode.**
  3. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction :***2015

(The dark wintry bed, the destroyer, the preserver, The west wind, dead leaves, funerals, bodies of water)

  1. Evaluate Shelley as a poet of optimism and hope.***
  2. What is romanticism? Evaluate the poem as a romantic poem.**
  3. Comment on the tone and mood of the poem.
  4. Write short compositions on the following themes explored in the poem:***

Man and the natural world, mortality, transformation

 

John Keats: To Autumn***

  1. What is an ode? Evaluate ‘To Autumn’ as an ode.**
  2. Evaluate John Keats as a poet of sensuousness .2015
  3. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction of the poem.

(The music of autumn, seasons of mist, mellow fruitfulness)

  1. Draw a picture of autumn as per the poem.***
  2. What is onomatopoeia?
  3. Write short compositions on the following themes explored in the poem:***

Man and the natural world, awe and amazement, mortality, transformation

 

Alfred Tennyson: Ulysses***

  1. What is dramatic monologue? Evaluate the poem as a dramatic monologue.**
  2. Comment on the autobiographical elements of the poem.
  3. Which qualities of Telemachus make him different from his father?2015
  4. What is allusion? Comment on the use of allusions in the poem.**
  5. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction of the poem.

(Greek mythology, travelling and sailing, eating and drinking)

  1. What is symbolism? What does Ulysses symbolise? What does Ithaca symbolize?***
  2. Who was Achilles?2015
  3. Write short compositions on the following themes explored in the poem:***

Dissatisfaction, Perseverance, Mortality, Old age, exploration

 

Robert Browning: Patriot**

  1. Is ‘Patriot’ a dramatic monologue? Explain.2015
  2. Explain the poet’s optimism in ‘Patriot’.
  3. Evaluate Browning as a poet of dramatic monologue.2015
  4. How does the patriot expect God to repay him?***
  5. Comment on the tone and mood of the poem.
  6. “Thus I enter, and thus I go!” who is the speaker?2015
  7. Write short compositions on the following themes explored in the poem:

(patriotism, Oppression, and Memory)***

 

  1. B. Browning: How do I Love Thee***
    1. What is Petrarchan sonnet? Evaluate the poem as a petrarchan sonnet.**
    2. Comment on the tone and mood of the poem.
    3. How does she express her love in the poem?***
    4. Write short compositions on the following themes explored in the poem:

(Love, Admiration, Identity, Mortality)***

 

Emily Dickinson: Because I could not stop for death***

  1. Comment on the imagery and poetic diction of the poem.

(Burial chamber, Chariot, Death’s power and personality)

  1. Explain the theme of death explored in the poem.***
  2. What is mysticism? Evaluate Dickinson as a poet of mysticism as per the poem.
  3. Comments on the symbols used in the poem.2015

 

  1. B. Yeats: A Prayer for my daughter*

  2. Write a short note of W.B. Yeats biography.
  3. What does Yeats pray for his daughter?***
  4. Who was Maud Gonne?2015

 

Robert Frost: Home Burial*

  1. What is conflict between the husband and the wife?**
  2. Discuss the theme of death and alienation explored in the poem.
  3. What is the theme of the poem “Home Burial”?2015
  4. Make a critical appreciation of the poem.2015
  5. H. Lawrence: Piano**
    1. Discuss the theme of nostalgia in the light of the poem “Piano”.***
    2. Discuss the power of music as per the poem.

 

Dylan Thomas: Fern Hill***

  1. What is Fern Hill? 2015
  2. Explain the theme of childhood explored in ‘Fern Hill’.***

 

Ted Hughes: Pike***

  1. Pike symbolizes the violent trait in human being. Explain***
  2. Comment on the imagery used in the poem.
  3. Why is Pike a poem of human violence? 2015
  4. Tagore: Where the mind is without fear (Gitanjali-35) *
  5. Evaluate the poem as a devotional one.
  6. How does Rabindranath describe the present state of his country?2015

 

 Hope you will find the Suggestion on Introduction to Poetry (Paper Code:  211105) helpful.

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4 thoughts on “Suggestion on Introduction to Poetry (Paper Code: 211105)

  • Nishat Siddiqi

    salam sir,
    honours 1st year 2014-2015 session er Reading skills, prose Writting skills, poetry and other subject er . must important suggetion din plz. thank you